Cross browser techniques

How can you make your website Cross Browser Compatible?

In these past years, we have seen a tremendous increase in the number of websites and internet usage. There are now around 1.9 Billion websites and about 3 billion users of the internet, which is almost half of the world’s population. You can find anything on the web from learning how to cook to make a website. People will find and view this content over and over.

It has set us on one point – if more users are viewing the websites on different browsers, then how will it look to them. This has raised a question of how a website looks on every device and platform it is viewed upon.

What is Cross Brower Compatibility?

A web page is made up of codes. These codes can be in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Most web developers’ favorite platform is the latest version of Google Chrome or Firefox. They develop the full website on these browsers. But things aren’t that simple. Different browsers like Opera, Safari, IE, lower version of Firefox, etc. display HTML and CSS in a different way because every browser has a different rendering mechanism that processes and display the code on the screen of your devices. As a result, a website won’t look right or look slightly wrong when you view it from different browsers.

 

The foremost aim for any web developer is to provide all users with the same experience. If your website is not Cross-Browser Compatible, then your competitors will definitely benefit from it and will ultimately result in losing your customers to your competitors. You will be at a loss as having a beautiful website, but not working the same on every browser sucks. Many viewers won’t return to your site when it does not open in their browsers, and potential customers won’t choose your company as they may not find your website reliable.

Now we have established the need for Cross-Compatibility; the next step is how to make a website cross-browser compatible.

If you are developing your website in HTML, CSS, or JavaScript, then you need to remember some point to have a perfect cross-browser compatible website.

The web developer has built a website, and it is running seamlessly on let’s say his favorite browser Chrome. Issues will occur when you decide to test it on other browsers like IE, Firefox, Safari, etc. You might notice that everything on your website that was working flawlessly before, now is not running the same on other browsers or giving errors. 

Here are some ways by which you can make your website cross compatible-

1. CSS Stylesheet

 

There are many design challenges that you will face while designing a website. Sometimes how much you have endeavored to make your site beautiful, you can’t make it work right in Internet Explorer or Opera mini. This problem can be resolved by linking stylesheet in CSS for different browsers with the use of the conditional comment. Every rendering engine in different browsers will go for its stylesheet and make your website look the same in every browser.

 

2. Using CSS Frameworks

 You can use CSS frameworks like Bootstrap, which help you make cross-compatibility easy. This application helps you make mobile-friendly websites and also avoid bugs.

 

3. Define Your Doctype

It would be best if you defined different doctype for different browsers; as I mentioned above, every browser has a different rendering engine. Doctype is the first line in your HTML file that tells a browser in which HTML is used for the application. So if you haven’t specified the Doctype in your HTML file, then do it immediately as not all browsers are compatible with the latest version, HTML5.

 

4. Applying CSS Reset

The different browser has a different CSS rule that it follows, so if you have selected one style for Chrome, that doesn’t mean it will work precisely the same in Safari. You might have noticed ‘Contact Us’ button on most of the business websites. When you open it on Chrome, it might fade or comes up; it’s due to CSS Transition. But it won’t work the same on browser like Internet Explorer that renders the code differently. For that, you can apply CSS Reset that will remove the styling from the browser that it doesn’t support causing cross-incompatibility.

 

5. Don’t forget to validate your code

You can validate the code of the website to make sure it is free of error before uploading your site. Use W3C HTML Validator for HTML and CSS Validator for CSS to validate your code to prevent any further issues. It will give you the error if there is something wrong with the code so you can fix them.

 

6. Cross-Browser Compatibility Test

In the end, do not overlook the Cross Brower Compatibility Test as all your efforts would be noting if something goes wrong and your site doesn’t look the way it supposes to in another browser that you may have skipped or didn’t notice. You can use tools that you can easily find on Google to check for compatibility for free.

· CrossBrowserTesting

 

· Lambda Test

 

· Browerstack

 

· Browserling

 

· BrowseEmAll

 

· MultiBrowser

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